Our fi rst book, Basics of CMOS Cell Design, covered integrated circuit technology scale down, the MOS device model, layout and performance perspectives. It also included an extensive study of basic gates, interconnect and analog cells. We introduced basic cell design and simulation using user-friendly educational tools, Microwind and Dsch, developed by us.
Advanced CMOS Cell Design takes the discussion further and illustrates how Microwind and Dsch versions 3.1 can be used to solve design problems. The book begins with an introduction to novel concepts in nano-scale technology, with a focus on 90 nm CMOS generation. In Chapter 2, various kinds of memories are discussed. Chapter 3 uses the medium of a project to explain microprocessor architecture, at the logic level. We would like to reiterate that this chapter would not have been possible without the able assistance and guidance of Dr Mafuz Aziz.
The subject of Chapter 4 is fi eld programmable gate arrays, from a switch level. In Chapter 5 RF analog cells are described, including extensive details of mixers, voltage-controlled oscillators, phase-lock-loop and power amplifi ers. The focus of Chapter 6 is on principles of analog-to-digital, digital-to-analog converters; the chapter also introduces CMOS sensors. Input-output interfacing principles are detailed in Chapter 7, including an in-depth study of I/O structures and technology refi nements. Silicon insulator technology is described in Chapter 8.
Appendix A explains design rules, while details of all Microwind and Dsch commands are provided in Appendix B and C respectively. A quick reference sheet of the companion tools is provided in Appendix D. Students and practising electronic engineers will fi nd this a useful reference to learn the practical aspects of CMOS cell design.
We welcome feedback, suggestions for improvements, and comments on anything that could have been done better.