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Diagnosis and Treatment of Radiation Injuries (Safety Report, Iaea Comprehensive No Inis Ser. Series, 8000)

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According to the International Basic Safety Standards an accident is “any unintended event, including operating errors, equipment failures or other mishaps, the consequences or potential consequences of which are not negligible from the point of view of protection or safety” [1].

A radiological accident is defined as an unforeseen event involving overexposure or contamination of persons and/or the environment by radioactive material. Exposure may have actually occurred or only be suspected. This distinction is important because experience has shown that it is safer and less costly to put an accident plan into operation when an accident is suspected, rather than wait until its occurrence is established. Although infrequent compared to conventional accident situations, occurrences over the past five decades have provided sufficient data to develop guidelines for medical management of radiation casualties.

Although the March 1979 incident at Three Mile Island in the United States of America created tremendous public concern, it caused no radiation injuries. Because of the integrity of the containment vessel, and in spite of a fuel meltdown, the contamination outside the reactor building and the release of radioiodine were negligible. By contrast, the major nuclear and radiological accidents at Chernobyl, Ukraine, and Goiânia, Brazil, have provided important information for the diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of radiation injuries. The explosion of vapour in April 1986 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, which had no containment vessel, resulted in the hospitalization of 237 patients identified as having been overexposed. Of these,134 developed acute radiation syndrome (ARS); 28 of these patients eventually died of ARS associated with extensive radiation burns [2].
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Learning Raspbian
Learning Raspbian

Get up and running with Raspbian and make the most out of your Raspberry Pi

About This Book

  • Acquire the practical skills required to develop applications in Raspbian
  • Interact with the Raspbian operating system via its console
  • Explore the Raspbian GUI and the bundled console...
Concurrency Theory: Calculi an Automata for Modelling Untimed and Timed Concurrent Systems
Concurrency Theory: Calculi an Automata for Modelling Untimed and Timed Concurrent Systems
In the world we live in concurrency is the norm. For example, the human body
is a massively concurrent system, comprising a huge number of cells, all simultaneously
evolving and independently engaging in their individual biological
processing. In addition, in the biological world, truly sequential systems rarely
arise. However,
...
Introduction to Logistics Engineering
Introduction to Logistics Engineering
Core Principles for Engineering Success with Logistics

In spite of the growing recognition of logistics as a necessary condition for business success, there is a lack of introductory literature covering the field’s technical aspects. Inspired by the bestselling Logistics Engineering Handbook, this fundamental...


Exceptional Selling: How the Best Connect and Win in High Stakes Sales
Exceptional Selling: How the Best Connect and Win in High Stakes Sales

Praise for Exceptional Selling

"Thull's leading-edge thinking makes this book extraordinary. This straightforward guide to communicating across all cultures with credibility and respect will give you a significant competitive advantage in a complex and crowded global marketplace."
—Guenter
...

Speaking Like a State: Language and Nationalism in Pakistan
Speaking Like a State: Language and Nationalism in Pakistan
Alyssa Ayres' fascinating study examines Pakistan's troubled history by exploring the importance of culture to political legitimacy. Early leaders selected Urdu as the natural symbol of the nation's great cultural past, but due to its limited base great efforts would be required to make it truly national. This paradox underscores the importance of...
Advances in Agent-Based Complex Automated Negotiations (Studies in Computational Intelligence)
Advances in Agent-Based Complex Automated Negotiations (Studies in Computational Intelligence)

Complex Automated Negotiations have been widely studied and are becoming an important, emerging area in the field of Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. In general, automated negotiations can be complex, since there are a lot of factors that characterize such negotiations. These factors include the number of issues, dependency between...

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