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Electron Microscopy in Heterogeneous Catalysis (Series in Microscopy in Materials Science)

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Electron Microscopy in Heterogeneous Catalysis describes the unique role electron microscopy plays in the immensely important field of heterogeneous catalysis. It brings together several disciplines, namely surface science, solid state chemistry and physics, materials science, chemical engineering and crystallography. The work described in this monograph exemplifies the many striking advances made by electron microscopy in advancing our understanding and creating advanced catalyst materials and processes. Catalysis plays a pivotal role in national economies and controls more than 90% of the world’s chemical manufacturing processes. In many technological processes, catalysts are increasingly nanoscale heterogeneous materials. With growing regulatory guidelines requiring efficient and environmentally compatible catalytic processes for selective hydrocarbon catalysation and for creating new energy sources, it is crucial to have a fundamental understanding of the nanostructure of the catalyst and the mechanisms involved to design novel catalysts and processes. As we show in the following chapters, electron microscopy is playing a direct role in the development of catalytic materials and reactions. Pioneering developments in atomic-resolution environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM) for directly probing the catalyst’s behaviour during the reaction at the atomic level, wet ETEM for studying catalyst-liquid reactions dynamically at the molecular level, field-emission low-voltage high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (LVHRSEM), atomic-resolution scanning TEM and electron-induced analytical spectroscopic (AES) methods address the fundamental issues of the materials and processes in catalysis. All these techniques are playing a unique role in obtaining insights into active sites, the atomic structure, atomic scale chemistry, point and extended defects and surface reconstruction, the nature of bonding and the electronic structure of the surface and the related subsurface of the catalyst and the mode of operation. These modifications govern the relationships between structure and activity in catalytic reactions and identify the factors that control the activity, selectivity and the activation barrier. New opportunities have evolved in catalysis research as a direct consequence of electron microscopy.

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Materials and Surface Engineering: Research and Development
Materials and Surface Engineering: Research and Development

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Mastering ASP.NET with VB.NET
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Microsoft's .NET Framework means enormous changes for Web programming. Using Visual Studio's ASP.NET and VB.NET, and a host of established and up-and-coming Internet technologies, you can build cleaner, more powerful Web applications, and you can do it more quickly than ever
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Java 9 for Programmers (4th Edition) (Deitel Developer Series)
Java 9 for Programmers (4th Edition) (Deitel Developer Series)

The professional programmer’s Deitel® guide to Java® 9 and the powerful Java platform

 

Written for programmers with a background in another high-level language, this book applies the...


LEP - The Lord of the Collider Rings at CERN 1980-2000: The Making, Operation and Legacy of the World's Largest Scientific Instrument
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Housed by a 4 m diameter tunnel of 27 km circumference, with huge underground labs and numerous surface facilities, and set up with a precision of 0.1 mm per kilometer, the Large Electron-Positron Collider (LEP) was not only the largest but also one of the most sophisticated scientific research instruments ever created by Man. Located at CERN,...

Ada 2012 Rationale: The Language -- The Standard Libraries
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Ada 2012 is the latest version of the international standard for the programming language Ada. It is designated ISO/IEC 8652:2012 (E) and is a new edition replacing the 2005 version. The primary goals for the new version were to further enhance its capabilities particularly in those areas where its reliability and predictability are of great...

Apple Watch for Developers: Advice & Techniques from Five Top Professionals
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