Home | Amazing | Today | Tags | Publishers | Years | Account | Search 
Hybrid Architectures for Intelligent Systems

Buy

The interaction between Fuzzy Set theory and Neural Network theory is multi-faceted and occurs at many different levels. The connection between these two concepts occurs both in the framework of real and artificial neural systems.

The brain is not just a collection of neurons grouped together at some part of the animal’s body, but it requires the neurons to interact among themselves and agglutinate into a higher order system. Because of this, while some of the properties of the brain are directly inherited from neurons, new emergent properties arise which are not possessed by any of these neurons themselves but which are derived from the association among them [1-4]. The theories of Neural Networks (NN) and Fuzzy Logic (FL) provide two complementary ways of modeling this dual and complex organization of the human brain. At one level, NN provides a means for modeling the lower level processes of human reasoning, that is the physiology of the brain. At the other extreme, FL provides a means of capturing the higher level human thought processes as well as emergent properties, that is it can be seen as a psychologic modeling of the mind. In this sense, neural networks are related to the hardware of the brain, while fuzzy logic is involved with the software of the brain [5], however, they are strongly associated to provide a full description of the human mind. In addition to providing a mechanism for representing the higher order reasoning process in the brain the language of fuzzy logic helps in the description and understanding of the basic behavior of the nerve cell. One purpose of this chapter is to explore this association.

Any neuron or cell is a partially closed system because its membrane is selective in separating chemicals which are used by the cell to synthesize its constituents and to maintain its physiology. For example, the cellular membrane is selective to sodium (Na) and potassium (K), the first being maintained predominantly outside the cell and in small quantities inside the cell, whereas the second has an opposite distribution. This ionic selection is the main mechanism involved in the electrical activity of the neuron, and it is described by the fuzzy assertion that Na is mainly an extracellular ion and K is predominantly an intracellular ion. The fuzziness of this assertion is not a lack of knowledge or information about the system because the laws governing such distribution are precisely known (e.g. [6]). (As a matter of fact their discovery resulted in a Nobel Prize.) The fuzziness in this case is associated with the basic structure of the cell as a partially opened system for getting its constituents from the outside world, and as a partially closed system for maintaining its identity.

(HTML tags aren't allowed.)

Algebra II For Dummies (Math & Science)
Algebra II For Dummies (Math & Science)
Besides being an important area of math for everyday use, algebra is a passport to studying subjects like calculus, trigonometry, number theory, and geometry, just to name a few. To understand algebra is to possess the power to grow your skills and knowledge so you can ace your courses and possibly pursue further study in math.

Algebra...

Windows Administration at the Command Line for Windows Vista, Windows 2003, Windows XP, and Windows 2000
Windows Administration at the Command Line for Windows Vista, Windows 2003, Windows XP, and Windows 2000
The only complete reference for Windows command line utilities

The last thing you need as a busy systems administrator is to click endlessly through the Windows GUI every time you want to perform a simple task. Want a better solution? Get reacquainted with the often-overlooked utilities accessible through the command line...

Google SketchUp Workshop: Modeling, Visualizing, and Illustrating
Google SketchUp Workshop: Modeling, Visualizing, and Illustrating

SketchUp is both simple and intuitive; there is no doubt about that. It usually takes a couple of hours to get grips on it and to create your first 3D models. But when you are using it for a professional project – with all the attendant time and quality constraints – you have to get a few things straight first to avoid the...


Microsoft ADO.NET (Core Reference)
Microsoft ADO.NET (Core Reference)

Microsoft ADO.NET represents a major step forward for Microsoft data access technologies. It gives developers an unprecedented level of control over how their code interacts with their data—a welcome advance for developers who have been frustrated by the lack of control offered by previous "black box"...

Signal Analysis: Wavelets, Filter Banks, Time-Frequency Transforms and Applications
Signal Analysis: Wavelets, Filter Banks, Time-Frequency Transforms and Applications
"...excellent and interesting reading for digital signal processing engineers and designers and for postgraduate students in electrical and computer faculties." (Mathematical Reviews, 2002d)

Signal Analysis explores methods that offer an insight into the properties of signals and stochastic processes. This
...
Swift High Performance
Swift High Performance

Leverage Swift and enhance your code to take your applications to the next level

About This Book

  • Build solid, high performance applications in Swift
  • Increase your efficiency by getting to grips with concurrency and parallel programming
  • Use Swift to design...
©2019 LearnIT (support@pdfchm.net) - Privacy Policy