Home | Amazing | Today | Tags | Publishers | Years | Account | Search 
Hybrid Architectures for Intelligent Systems

Buy

The interaction between Fuzzy Set theory and Neural Network theory is multi-faceted and occurs at many different levels. The connection between these two concepts occurs both in the framework of real and artificial neural systems.

The brain is not just a collection of neurons grouped together at some part of the animal’s body, but it requires the neurons to interact among themselves and agglutinate into a higher order system. Because of this, while some of the properties of the brain are directly inherited from neurons, new emergent properties arise which are not possessed by any of these neurons themselves but which are derived from the association among them [1-4]. The theories of Neural Networks (NN) and Fuzzy Logic (FL) provide two complementary ways of modeling this dual and complex organization of the human brain. At one level, NN provides a means for modeling the lower level processes of human reasoning, that is the physiology of the brain. At the other extreme, FL provides a means of capturing the higher level human thought processes as well as emergent properties, that is it can be seen as a psychologic modeling of the mind. In this sense, neural networks are related to the hardware of the brain, while fuzzy logic is involved with the software of the brain [5], however, they are strongly associated to provide a full description of the human mind. In addition to providing a mechanism for representing the higher order reasoning process in the brain the language of fuzzy logic helps in the description and understanding of the basic behavior of the nerve cell. One purpose of this chapter is to explore this association.

Any neuron or cell is a partially closed system because its membrane is selective in separating chemicals which are used by the cell to synthesize its constituents and to maintain its physiology. For example, the cellular membrane is selective to sodium (Na) and potassium (K), the first being maintained predominantly outside the cell and in small quantities inside the cell, whereas the second has an opposite distribution. This ionic selection is the main mechanism involved in the electrical activity of the neuron, and it is described by the fuzzy assertion that Na is mainly an extracellular ion and K is predominantly an intracellular ion. The fuzziness of this assertion is not a lack of knowledge or information about the system because the laws governing such distribution are precisely known (e.g. [6]). (As a matter of fact their discovery resulted in a Nobel Prize.) The fuzziness in this case is associated with the basic structure of the cell as a partially opened system for getting its constituents from the outside world, and as a partially closed system for maintaining its identity.

(HTML tags aren't allowed.)

End-to-End Game Development: Creating Independent Serious Games and Simulations from Start to Finish
End-to-End Game Development: Creating Independent Serious Games and Simulations from Start to Finish

In the award-winning AMC television series Mad Men, set in the early 1960s, a mysterious and massive machine shows up one day in the offices of the advertising agency Stirling Cooper. The machine is a Xerox photocopier, and the workplace is about to change forever. Previously, document duplication was done with a mimeograph, a hand-cranked...

iMovie 3 Fast & Easy
iMovie 3 Fast & Easy
So, you wanna be in pictures? Home-movie Hitchcock wannabes have a simple and exciting desktop video-editing tool: Apple’s iMovie 3. iMovie 3 is the perfect tool for turning those long, boring home videos into interesting, polished productions that your family and friends will enjoy. Let’s face it, without video-editing software to...
The Savage: A Novel
The Savage: A Novel

In the raucous and action-packed follow-up to Donnybrook, mayhem is still the order of the day―only more so

The dollar has failed; the grid is wiped out. Walmarts are looted and homes are abandoned as common folk flee and bloodthirsty militias fight for power. In a twenty-first century America gone haywire,...


DirectX 3D Graphics Programming Bible
DirectX 3D Graphics Programming Bible
Microsoft DirectX 7 gives you the APIs you need to create cutting-edge Windows 3D games and simulations using C or C++. With helpful tutorials, plenty of illustrations, and a minimum of math, this unique guide shows you how to master these APIs and take your graphics programming to the next level, whether you're an animation beginner or a veteran...
Macintosh Switcher's Guide (Wordware Macintosh Library)
Macintosh Switcher's Guide (Wordware Macintosh Library)
Maybe you saw the Switcher advertisements on television or the
web. Maybe you were drawn into an Apple Store by the beautiful
machine in the display. Maybe you’ve always thought a little differently,
or wanted something a little different for a change.
Whatever the reason for your switch to Macintosh, here you are....
Management, Control, and Evolution of IP Networks
Management, Control, and Evolution of IP Networks
Starting with various aspects of quality of service and the evolution of IP networks, this book covers the improvement of addressing in IP version 6, enhanced security, and the adaptation of video for the Internet and voice over IP. New generations of IP networks are discussed including the future of pervasive networks, wi-fi, the control of...
©2019 LearnIT (support@pdfchm.net) - Privacy Policy