This book contains papers presented at the International Symposium on Electromagnetic Fields in Mechatronics, Electrical and Electronic Engineering ISEF’07 which was held in Prague, the Czech Republic, from September 13 to 15, 2007. ISEF conferences have been organized since 1985 and from the very beginning it was a common initiative of Polish and other European researchers who have dealt with electromagnetic field in electrical engineering. The conference travels through Europe and is organized in various academic centres. Relatively often, it was held in some Polish city as the initiative was on the part of Polish scientists. Now ISEF is much more international and successive events take place in different European academic centres renowned for electromagnetic research. This time it was Prague, famous for its beauty and historical background, as it is the place where many cultures mingle. The venue of the conference was the historical building of Charles University, placed just in the centre of Prague. The Technical University of Prague, in turn, constituted the logistic centre of the conference.
It is the tradition of the ISEF meetings that they try to tackle quite a vast area of computational and applied electromagnetics. Moreover, the ISEF symposia aim at combining theory and practice; therefore the majority of papers are deeply rooted in engineering problems, being simultaneously of a high theoretical level. The profile of the conference changes, however, year-by-year and one can find more and more contributions dealing with applied electromagnetics coupled with hardware and software technologies. That is why, for the first time, the organizers decidedto use the Springer Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence as the proper place for publishing some of the papers. Generally speaking, one can observe the trend of a decreasing number of papers which deal with classical electrical engineering in preference to information technology and biomedical applications. This direction seems to be comprehensible in the light of modern industry. Nevertheless, even beyond electrical engineering, we do touch the heart of the matter in electromagnetism.