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Particles in the Early Universe: High-Energy Limit of the Standard Model from the Contraction of Its Gauge Group

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The aim of this book is to develop a contraction method for classical orthogonal and unitary groups (algebras), and apply it to the investigation of physical structures, offering a new and unique interpretation to the high-energy limit of the Standard Model. Readers will find a comprehensive and rigorous study, summarized as follows: The space-time models (or kinematics) are described on the motion group level. The Jordan Schwinger representations of the groups are shown to be closely connected to the properties of stationary quantum systems, whose Hamiltonians are quadratic in creation and annihilation operators. The high-temperature limit of the Standard Model is associated with the contraction of its gauge group, and the tending-to-zero contraction parameter is connected to the inverse average energy (temperature) of the Universe. This makes it possible to re-establish the evolution of particles and their interactions in the early Universe up to Planck energy, where readers shall discover that the properties of elementary particles change drastically in the infinite temperature limit: all particles lose mass, all quarks are monochromatic, electroweak interactions become long range and are mediated by neutral currents.

Absent in all known literature, this book would be the first in describing the dynamics of particle properties and their interactions at different stages in the evolution of the Universe. Presenting both physical and mathematical approaches to various problems, and their applications to the physics of the early Universe, this book will be a valuable addition to the sparse literature on the subject matter.

Readership: Graduate students and researchers in the field of high-energy physics and astroparticle physics.

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A History of Modern Urban Operations
A History of Modern Urban Operations
This book investigates the complexities of modern urban operations?a particularly difficult and costly method of fighting, and one that is on the rise. Contributors examine the lessons that emerge from a range of historical case studies, from nineteenth-century precedents to the Battle of Shanghai; Stalingrad, German town clearance, Mandalay,...
Enabling Sustainable Energy Transitions: Practices of legitimation and accountable governance
Enabling Sustainable Energy Transitions: Practices of legitimation and accountable governance
This open access book reframes sustainable energy transitions as being a matter of resolving accountability crises. It demonstrates how the empirical study of several practices of legitimation can analytically deconstruct energy transitions, and presents a typology of these practices to help determine whether energy...
Atlas of Trauma: Operative Techniques, Complications and Management
Atlas of Trauma: Operative Techniques, Complications and Management

This atlas is the collaborative work of surgeons from Latin America and North America and describes techniques that can aid in the treatment of trauma patients. Trauma surgeons need to perform procedures efficiently and expeditiously for patients that are crashing. The surgeries and exposures are narrated by experts in the...


Cardiovascular OCT Imaging
Cardiovascular OCT Imaging

This heavily revised second edition comprehensively reviews the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in cardiovascular practice. It provides detailed guidance on how to properly interpret OCT images and successfully utilise it in daily clinical practice  Chapters cover the development and physics associated with OCT,...

The Definitive Guide to AWS Infrastructure Automation: Craft Infrastructure-as-Code Solutions
The Definitive Guide to AWS Infrastructure Automation: Craft Infrastructure-as-Code Solutions

Discover the pillars of AWS infrastructure automation, starting with API-driven infrastructure concepts and its immediate benefits such as increased agility, automation of the infrastructure life cycle, and flexibility in experimenting with new architectures. With this base established, the book discusses infrastructure-as-code...

Gas Turbine Combined Cycle Power Plants
Gas Turbine Combined Cycle Power Plants

This book covers the design, analysis, and optimization of the cleanest, most efficient fossil fuel-fired electric power generation technology at present and in the foreseeable future.

The book contains a wealth of first principles-based calculation methods comprising key formulae, charts, rules of thumb, and other tools...

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