This book focuses on the design and development of SU-8 polymer and silicon waveguide-based devices using the effective index based matrix method. Various fabrication techniques like laser direct writing (LDW), Focused Ion Beam (FIB) and optical lithography are discussed. FIB lithography has been explored for photonic-crystal structures on the waveguide and for directional coupler in coupled region. This technique is shown to be suitable in fabricating photonic crystal structures as well as for making any precise modifications in micro- and nano-meter photonic waveguide structures. This book can be a useful reference for students, researchers, and fabrication engineers working in the areas of integrated optics, optical communications, laser technology and optical lithography for device manufacturing.
Neoliberalism in Context: Governance, Subjectivity and Knowledge
Neoliberalism in Context adopts a processual, relational and contextual framework, bringing together contributions from diverse national and disciplinary contexts, and bridging theoretical and methodological approaches to critiquing neoliberalism.
The book presents arguments on the extent to which we are...
The Dual of L(X,L), Finitely Additive Measures and Weak Convergence: A Primer (SpringerBriefs in Mathematics)
In measure theory, a familiar representation theorem due to F. Riesz identifies the dual space Lp(X,L,λ)* with Lq(X,L,λ), where 1/p+1/q=1, as long as 1 ≤ p<∞. However, L∞(X,L,λ)* cannot be similarly described, and is instead represented as a...
Brachytherapy: Techniques and Evidences
Brachytherapy has a long history since the discovery of radium-226 by Marie Curie
in 1898 and its introduction to the cancer treatment in France in 1901. Already in
1913, the clinical results of brachytherapy in cervical cancer surpassed the results
obtained through Wertheim’s operation. The era of “Strahl...