In the information technology age coupled with computer advances, information systems have become an
integral part of many disciplines; accordingly, business, marketing, medicine, communication, banking,
geography, physics, chemistry, aviation, pilots, forensics, agriculture, and even traf.c lights have one
thing in common called computers. Interdisciplinary information technology systems are called different
names: Decision support systems (DSS), geographic information systems (GIS), knowledge management
systems (KM), management information systems (MIS), data mining (DM), simulation and modeling
(SM), artificial intelligence (AI), etc. All the aforementioned systems are based on computer science
whether that may be in terms of hardware, software, software engineering, and hardware engineering.
The goal of this book is not to look at computer science from traditional perspectives, but to illustrate
the benefits and issues that arise from the application of computer science within other disciplines. This
book focuses on major breakthroughs within the technological arena, with particular concentration on
accelerating principles, concepts and applications.
The book caters to the needs of scholars, PhD candidates, and researchers as well as graduate level
students of computer science, operations research, and economics. The target audience for this book also
includes academic libraries throughout the world that are interested in cutting edge research. Another
important segment of readers are students of Master of Business Administration (MBA) and Master of
Public Affairs (MPA) programs, which include information systems components as part of their curriculum.
To make the book accessible to all, a companion website was developed that can be accessed
through the link (http://www.computercrossroad.org/).
Computer science has aligned with many disciplines, including geography, linguistics, hand writing,
security and the web industry, communications, Knowledge management and simulation. Within
this context, this book is organized in 19 chapters. On the whole, the chapters of this book fall into five
categories, while crossing paths with different disciplines. The first section concentrates on artificial
intelligence technology; the second section concentrates on security: interior, exterior, and security
standards; the third section concentrates on Web based industry: assessing quality, Web engineering,
and critical success factors; the fourth section that sheds light on computer science implementation in
the business arena: aviation industry, learning organizations, multimedia, communications, banking,
construction; and the fifth section is suggested readings of different authors, aiming to enrich this book
with others’ knowledge, experience, thought and insight.